Carroll, Walter (1869-1955), composer, teacher

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Carroll, Walter (1869-1955), composer, teacher

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Walter Carroll, the sixth child and only son of Richard (b.1829) an upholsterer and Fanny W. (b.1832), was born in 1869. Working hard to escape his humble beginnings he was the first person to gain the DMus by examination at the Victoria University of Manchester, taking other degrees at Durham University. He held several posts at the University of Manchester and at the Royal Manchester College of Music, delivering the first lecture on the opening of the latter institution in 1893. He became the first Professor in the Art and Practice of Teaching at the RMCM, resigning in 1918 to become Manchester's first Music Adviser (part-time from 1918, full­time from 1920, retiring in 1934). Carroll appointed six full-time peripatetic specialists over the period 1919 to 1928 to give music appreciation classes in the elementary schools, and also ran extremely popular out-of-­hours Training Courses in Music for the "all-subjects" teachers in the elementary schools (1918-1934). Virtually every practising teacher attended at least one year of the three year course. In 1925 he also produced a best-selling Handbook of Music that ran to 10,000 copies in three editions that were widely distributed at home and abroad. It is however his music for children, written originally for his daughters Elsa and Ida, which is Carroll's claim to enduring fame. The key to its success was that children could play a harmonised tune before they could even read music properly (or at all) by singing or reciting the printed tunes to the words of a short header poem that scanned exactly with the rhythms of the music as they simultaneously discovered how to play it. After Scenes at a Farm, published by Forsyth Brothers Ltd in 1912, came all the other sets over a period of forty one years. These included The Countryside (1912), Sea Idylls (1914), Forest Fantasies (1916), Water Sprites (1923), and River and Rainbow (1933). All had exquisite cover illustrations by hand-picked, internationally renowned artists who unerringly matched their work to Carroll's titles and music: among them were W Heath Robinson, Arthur Rackham and Charles Folkard. The uniqueness of Carroll's brilliant idea was to fire the child's imagination by uniting what he called the Sister Arts: by simultaneously stimulating the child visually and poetically as well as musically. Many of his works are still in print. Carroll also held various posts as Choirmaster and Organist, most notably at St. James, Birch-in-Rusholme, Manchester, from 1916 until 1938. He married Gertrude A. Southam (1868-1958) in 1896, and they had two daughters, Elsa and Ida. Walter Carroll died in 1955, and a memorial window was placed in the Musicians Chapel, St Sepulchre without Newgate, in 1958. His wife Gertrude is commemorated with a shelter and seat in Portpatrick, where the family spent many of their holidays.

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