Collection AR - Alan Rawsthorne Papers

Identity area

Reference code

AR

Title

Alan Rawsthorne Papers

Date(s)

  • c.1906-1996 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

9 series; approx. 242 files

Context area

Name of creator

Biographical history

Rawsthorne was born in 1905 in Haslingden, Lancashire. After initial studies in dentistry and architecture, he entered the Royal Manchester College of Music in 1925, where he was a pupil of the pianist Frank Merrick and the cellist Carl Fuchs. He left in 1929 with diplomas in performance and teaching (the latter with distinction). His piano studies were continued abroad, notably under Egon Petri. On his return to England in 1932 he taught at Dartington Hall School and also composed music for the associated School of Dance Mime. He married a fellow ex-RMCM student, the violinist Jessie Hinchcliffe, in 1934. Yet even though he moved to London in 1935 in order to devote himself primarily to composition, it was not until the 1938 ISCM Festival in London that he achieved wide recognition with the Theme and Variations for two violins. At the 1939 festival, in Warsaw, a far more ambitious score, the Symphonic Studies, demonstrated his mastery of orchestral resources, while in the same year the First Piano Concerto confirmed the achievement of "a highly individual language and certain structural predilections"; both were to remain remarkably constant throughout the rest of his career. Rawsthorne rescored the concerto in 1942, by which time he was doing military service in the Army first in the Royal Artillery and then in the Education Corps; despite this he was able to complete the two contrasted overtures of 1944 and 1945. He was awarded a Fellowship of the RMCM in 1943. With the end of the war, however, he was at last able to devote all his energies to composition, and to be confident of receiving performance: within some five years he had produced four concertos, a symphony, several chamber works and a body of film music, and was thus already among the more prolific instrumental composers of an English generation that included Walton and Tippett. He married the artist Isabel (nee Nicholas, 1912-1992) in 1955 after the death of her 3rd husband, his friend the composer Constant Lambert. Alan and Jessie Rawsthorne had divorced the previous year. The chamber cantata A Canticle of Man (1952) was the first substantial evidence of an interest in setting words that was to culminate in the large-scale Carmen vitale of 1963. Two further symphonies (1959 and 1964) and four more concertos head an impressive list of orchestral scores produced in the last two decades of his life, most of them written to commission. Beginning with the Concerto for ten instruments, written for Cheltenham in 1961, Rawsthorne showed a heightened interest in chamber orchestral writing and in pure chamber music, the predominant genre in his last years. In 1967 he produced his biggest piano work, the Ballade written for John Ogdon, and in the same year he also wrote two works for youth orchestra (Overture for Farnham and Theme, Variations and Finale). He was made a CBE in 1961, and was awarded honorary doctorates by the universities of Liverpool, Essex and Belfast. He died in Cambridge in 1971.
A.Poulton Alan Rawsthorne vol.1 A catalogue of his music; vol.2 Biographical Essays; vol.3 : Essays on the music (Kidderminster: Bravura Publications, 1984 (v.1 & 2), 1986 (v.3)) J. McCabe "Alan Rawsthorne: portrait of a composer" (OUP 1999)

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Owned by the Rawsthorne Trust. The papers were on permanent loan to the RNCM during the lifetime of Mrs Isabel Rawsthorne, and bequeathed to the College in perpetuity after her death (see minutes of NCM steering committee, 72/25). Other items were given by Rawsthorne's sister, Barbara, Nov 1986 (?) and 1990s, and by his cousin Elizabeth Rendell Bridge during the 1990s. Other items again were apparently purchased by the College from the Rawsthorne Trust in 1997. Provenance of many items is unknown because of the lack of administrative records, and the addition of donated items. Checking and cataloguing completed September 2003, and existing reference numbers altered for all items other than music (old numbers noted in descriptions). Music numbers not allocated: 002, 003, 067, 093

Content and structure area

Scope and content

MS works of Alan Rawsthorne including manuscripts of most of his published works. In addition there are manuscripts of many unpublished pieces, most from early in the composer's career. Rawsthorne composed symphonies, concerti, chamber music, film music, and music for solo instrument and voice. There is a set of recordings on cassette of most of the composer's output, together with the composer's own collection of discs and tapes, many of which are private, historic performances of first performances. Among other items are to be found correspondence chiefly with family members, writings by the composer including items of juvenilia, and press cuttings collected over the whole of his career. Medals and awards, transcripts and notes of broadcasts and lectures, some photographs, and programmes are also included.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Multiple copies of items in the papers (collected for research purposes) have been discarded. Proofs for Poulton's books corrected by Barbara Rawsthorne not retained.

Accruals

None expected, though as the RNCM is the legal place of deposit for Rawsthorne's works it is possible that works currently thought to be missing may reappear and accrue to the papers.

System of arrangement

In 9 series: 1 Music, 2 Writings (including juvenalia), 3 Correspondence, 4 Recordings, 5 Photographs, 6 Objects, 7 Reviews, 8 Reminiscences and memorials, 9 Copies of items held by other repositories or individuals

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Open

Conditions governing reproduction

Owned by the Rawsthorne Trust.

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Most items on paper, including photocopy and photographic papers. Some magnetic tape/vinyl, metal objects, and plaster of paris (death mask).

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

British Library, Music Collections: MSS Mus. 302-306, plus correspondence.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

GB1179

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

WickhaS, 31/01/2003. Revised by Robethe, 07/07/2011

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places